Автор: St. Aurelius Augustine
Формат: Обл. мягк. – Форм. 130х200 мм; 88 стр.
Год издания: 1938
The treatise On the Teacher (De magistro) was written about the year 389 A.D. The first ten chapters contain the dialogue between Augustine and his son, Adeodatus, upon the general question of what can be learned from a teacher. The final four chapters reveal the epistemology of Augustine on the subject of truth.
In De Magistro, Augustine asks how anyone can learn anything of eternal value in a world where evil exists. He then proposes an answer to his own question. He says that those with faith in God become the subject of divine illumination. This introduces Augustine's doctrine of the "internal teacher." This is Christ, who for Augustine is the source upon which human knowing is based.
The treatise On the Immortality of the Soul (De immortalitate animae) was composed in 387 A.D. In this treatise St. Augustine reproduces arguments that derive from Plato, though it is impossible to tell whether they came through direct contact or through the medium of Cicero or Plotinus. In any event, that he undertook to write on the problem of the soul's immortality indicates his interest at this period in developing a rational demonstration to support his own positive belief.