Автор: Eric D'Arcy
Формат: Обл. мягк. – Форм. 108х180 мм; 277 стр.
Год издания: 1961
Many arguments have been advanced in favour of the right to religious freedom, and this essay seeks to present a version of one of them: that based on the individual’s duty to follow the dictates of his conscience. It studies St. Thomas Aquinas‘ account of the nature and authority of conscience, and some of the conclusions to which this theory seems to lead. Since the Thomist idiom and method are unfamiliar to many people, reference is made, from time to time, to British moralists, both classical and contemporary. Two main conclusions are put forward. The ﬁrst, which is arrived at in the second chapter, holds that a person is always morally obliged to follow a judgement of conscience formed in good faith. The second is argued from this, and reached in the ﬁnal chapter. It claims that every adult has a strict right to religious freedom, and that the State is guilty of injustice if it inter< feres with a person’s following his conscience in matters of religious choice, profession and wor— ship. It is suggested that this right is satisfactorily recognized and protected in such documents as the constitutions of the Commonwealth of Australia, the Republic of Eire, and the United States of America.