Автор: Kenneth M. Sayre
Изд-во: University of Notre Dame Press
Формат: Обл. твёрд. – Форм. 142х209 мм; 312 стр.
Год издания: 1965
Although 'artificial intelligence' refers more to a set of goals than to an accomplished fact, there has been enough progress towards these goals recently to incite interest within practically every experimental science of human behavior. 'Artificial intelligence' has become a standard phrase as well among philosophers, analytical psychologists, neurophysiologists and electrical engineers. The term 'artificial' in this use serves as the adjectival form of 'artifact'. The artifacts here in point are mechanical systems, usually based upon digital computers. Each component of such a system is an object of human contrivance. Yet when the components are arranged in certain ways, these systems can exhibit behavior which to some extent resembles procedures of the human intellect. When this happens, we say that the system simulates an aspect of intelligent human behavior